Look at the latest articles on the wire about paying off debt and you’d think we’ve stumbled across the greatest discovery since Einstein declared that e=MC2. How I paid off $XX,XXX in debt is now a headline worthy read? How about about this one? Paying Off Debt Is NOT Rocket Science!
Debt sucks. And anymore, we get saddled with negative figures for a whole host of mainly well-intended things. Mortgage? Good. Student loan debt? Good.
Getting by for a spell after a layoff or health issue? Good (assuming all other options are exhausted.) We then have the mix of dumb debt that really gets us into a spiral, like fancy new cars, jet skis, trips to Cancun, and shopping mall mania credit card debt.
Paying off Debt is Actually Quite Simple
It’s really quite simple, even in the most complicated circumstances. You figure out which debt is forcing you to pay the highest percent of its balance in minimum payments. Slay those first. In other words, if you have a $10,000 car loan balance with a $400 monthly payment, that’s a score of 25.
If you have a $100,000 mortgage balance with a $900 monthly payment, that’s a score of 111. You just divide the balance by the payment. The lower the score, the more aggressively you attack that particular debt.
But what if the interest rate on the mortgage is 5.4% while the car loan is only 2.9%? Sigh… Doesn’t matter. You’re not going to benefit by arbitraging marginal rates when you need CASH FLOW.
An overriding rule in all of this: Pay of credit cards FIRST. They are the devil. You can practically smell the brimstone when you open a new statement envelope. In most cases, the interest rate is 12% or higher. Set aside the cash flow index for now, and tackle each credit card in order of descending rates. Those bastards come pretty close to billing interest-only minimum payments, at 2%-5% of the total balance.
For non-credit card debt, use the Cash Flow Index. For credit cards, pay those first, and prioritize by interest rate.
That’s it folks. All there is to it.
Paying off Debt Is Not Rocket Science (Most Times)
The psychology of the matter is far from easy. This is where your brain gets in the way of, well, your brain. Many of us stumble quickly out of the gates after college or starting out fresh in the workforce. We have a low paying hourly job, or, a collection of part-time jobs that pay just enough to allow us to share rent with a roommate or two.
Life is still good, because we’re young, and we subconsciously operate as if the future will take care of itself. This is a common trap, and one that I’ve personally fallen into. It’s the reason I’m cramming for early retirement in my mid-40s, as opposed to my mid-30s.
I have to believe a lot of the “advice” the personal finance community pushes is a hard pill to swallow for many. We’re not all in our 20s or 30s anymore. It’s true that it’s never too late to start, but the golden period of opportunity is when your driver’s license age starts with a 2 or 3 (and is double digits, unless you’re Baby Boss).
If you are starting late on this journey, and you’ve figured out how to chuck the silliness of consumerism out the window, you can, as J.D. Roth would say, “Turbo Charge” your situation. When I got my head out of the sand about five years ago, my “turbo charge” was to fire up a rental property business.
And wouldn’t you know it, the lessons and discipline I gained there came in handy at work, where I started to apply pragmatic problem solving on the job. Raises and opportunities to move up the ladder soon followed. Notice I said “opportunities” right there. I’m still angling hard on that elusive promotion…
Bottom-line: Paying off debt is a straightforward exercise that requires persistence. Stick with it. No hole is too deep to climb out of. Patience and consistency will get you to the finish line when it comes to paying off large sums of debt. Others have done it under very difficult circumstances. Learn from their example.
Paying off Debt: Tricks That Help Bigly
Sometimes home ownership does not suck. That one time back in 2001, when I got laid off for being a punk of an employee? Thank goodness I was able to take out a home equity line of credit for $30,000. Were it not for that, I’m not sure how I would’ve paid for groceries, much less the mortgage (during a year of nothing but grad school tuition bills).
What I soon learned after landing my next job, was that I could use a home equity line to pay down other, higher interest debts. A lot of people assume you can only use a “HELOC” for home improvements. Honestly, the bank doesn’t care what you use it for, because they have your bee-hind in a sling already with that anchor of a primary mortgage. “Go ahead, good sir, take a cruise with that HELOC. Just be sure to make your monthly interest-only payments!”
At any rate, I started to consolidate some of my stupid credit card debts and higher interest student loans on that HELOC. The interest rate was much lower. And double-bonus, the interest on HELOCs is tax-deductible. (At least it used to be. I think the new tax law of 2018 scrapped this deduction?)
Long-term, the ideal strategy is to keep your HELOC open but untapped, as your emergency fund. If you’re a crazy son of a gun like me, you could bend that rule a little and use it to make the down-payment on a rental property or five. This is the fun leverage part of debt that you should tread lightly into – but it is a pretty lucrative approach if you do your homework.
The Three Stages of Financial Independence – Where the Debt Monkey Fits In
A very good read this week that complements my little ditty can be found over at my neighbor’s, Apathy Ends. Apathy hits us right over the head with a very similar message, “There are not a MILLION ways to pay down Debt.” Love it! The message is underpinning his post is all about persistence. That’s not rocket science, my friends.
If you wanted to be clever about all of this, you could draw up the classic evolution ladder to depict the stages of financial independence. The monkey in the beginning is more illustrative of the monkey on your back.
Then, after our worst debt is paid off, we get to evolve into neanderthals. Loin cloth and furry knuckles. The only thing holding us back from evolving into full-fledged financial Kardashians is our need for that hamster wheel day job to support our living expenses. We reach fully erect Kardashian when we’ve saved 25 times our annual living expenses.
Getting from monkey to neanderthal is the part that drains our psyches the most. In those years, I was worried about trying to make more money to stay ahead of mounting debt payments. Paying off credit cards, car loans, and student loans are huge first, second, and third steps.
Acquiring the freedom to say “F You!” to the day job? That comes next, if you find yourself if in a job you despise, complete with killer commute.
Let me know what you think in the comments. Am I oversimplifying the debt payoff process? Is there something more to this than persistence and resilience?