You can adjust your healthcare plans the moment enrollment begins. However, it’s a hassle to pick the perfect coverage. To avoid getting confused, you should understand and differentiate between a deductible and premium coverage. This guide helps you understand the common healthcare terms. These terms are essential; they guide you while picking a healthcare plan.
An insurance deductible refers to the amount you will pay annually to cater to your health services before the insurance can pay its share. Assuming your deductible is $1,000, you have to pay $1,000 before insurance can start to cover you in a specific year.
High Deductible Health Plan
Having a high deductible health plan means you will pay a larger deductible compared to others. You have to withdraw more money from your pocket, and your insurance coverage won’t pay until you have fully paid your deductible. High deductible health plans are for individuals with at least $1,300 and $2,600 for families. This type of plan helps younger people save because they don’t need much health care.
Health Savings Account (HSA)
A health savings account allows you to save about $3,350 if less than 55 years and $4,350 above 55 years in pre-tax dollars. The amount helps to pay your medical expenses. If you make these contributions, they lower your tax bill. However, after you use the money for medical expenses, you get tax free withdrawals.
There is a difference between a health saving account and a flexible spending account (FSA). Unused HAS amount will remain in your account, but FSA funds deplete after the year plan ends.
This refers to the amount to pay an insurer for the benefit of its active insurance plan. Many Americans prefer to pay monthly. And if you get health insurance coverage through work, probably the employer pays part of your monthly premium.
The copay or copayment refers to the amount you will pay after receiving certain medication care. It varies with the service you get. For example, every time you visit a specialist, you pay $60 and $30 after visiting your GP. However, this can’t accumulate the amount required for the deductible; but that depends on your plan.
After completing to pay your deductible for that year, your medical bills are not over. You have to experience a coinsurance amount. This stands for a percentage to pay for your medical expenses. If you need $100 for your medical bill, with 20% coinsurance, you pay $20 and the rest $80 by the insurance company.
An out-of-pocket maximum refers to the highest amount you can pay in a year. It combines deductible, copay, and coinsurance. After you meet your maximum, the insurance pays the remainder as long as it’s something essential. There are extra services not included, like acupuncture and hearing aids. The premium isn’t also included.
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Plan
This HMO plan gives you the least flexibility depending on the provider you choose. You have to choose a health care provider who works at HMO or makes a contract with HMO. If not, you will pay more for your medical bill unless you get an emergency. Switching your job or moving to a new city makes you lose your coverage.
Point Of Service
A point of service plan is to receive care from another doctor or specialist with your doctor’s referral. If you seek a specialist outside your network, you will be charged more. Advantage, you can choose more doctors, unlike HMO.
Preferred Provider Organization
A preferred provider organization plan is where your insurer caters a portion of your bill after visiting a specialist or a doctor outside your network. The plan doesn’t require you to have a referral from your doctor. But, with this plan, you pay extra money.
Payer contracting is the act of negotiating with third-party administrators, insurance carriers, and employer groups to deliver healthcare services for those covered by a specific health plan. The contract will cover all the costs; provider credentialing, provider networks, and reimbursement rates.
Providers play a vital role in keeping patients healthy. But when the payer contract is riddled and has complicated provisions, patients become confused. That gets in the way of preventing the improvement of patient outcomes. You, therefore, have to understand the complexity of payer contracts. It should ensure timely and correct reimbursement. Also, consider knowing each contract’s pros and cons; it helps avoid claim denials and receive comprehensive services.